As the bony protrusion is fairly obvious, diagnosis typically requires little more than a physical exam. However, your podiatrist may order x-rays to determine the degree of deformity and rule out any other causes.
Conservative treatment generally works well to treat bunions. Nonsurgical treatment options include:
- Icing the area to reduce pain and inflammation
- Modifying activities, particularly for those who stand for long periods
- Placing pads over the bunion to cushion and reduce pain
- Taking anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen to manage swelling and discomfort
- Wearing shoes with a wide toe box
Your podiatrist may also recommend custom orthotics to relieve pressure on the bunion.